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Nuson Chain FAQ v0.5

What is Nuson Chain, or NSC DEX?

Nuson Chain is the blockchain initially developed by NSC and community. NSC DEX is the decentralized exchange module developed on top of the Nuson Chain blockchain.

What is the design principle of Nuson Chain?

The main focuses for the design of Nuson Chain are:

  • No custody of funds: traders maintain control of their private keys and funds.
  • High performance: low latency, high throughput for a large user base, and high liquidity trading. We target to achieve 1 second block times, with 1 confirmation finality.
  • Low cost: in both fees and liquidity cost.
  • Easy user experience: as friendly as NSC.com.
  • Fair trading: minimize front-running, to the extent possible.
  • Evolvable: able to develop with forever-improving technology stack, architecture, and ideas.

What can you do on Nuson Chain?

You can:

  • Send and receive NSC
  • Issue new tokens
  • Send, receive, burn/mint and freeze/unfreeze tokens
  • Propose to create trading pairs between two different tokens
  • Send orders to buy or sell assets through trading pairs created on the chain

Will Nuson Chain introduce more features and transaction types in the future?

Yes, Nuson Chain team and community would cherish the technology advancements and recommended trends and strive to make circulation of assets and value easier and easier.

What is the native coin on Nuson Chain?

The Nuson, NSC, is the native asset on Nuson Chain. There are 200MM Nusons in total. There will be no mining. The existing coin burns and freezes will still be in effect on the new Nuson Chain blockchain.

The exact number of Nusons will be destroyed based on the same number of NSC ERC20 tokens that have already been destroyed.

Since Nuson Chain is live, all NSC ERC20 tokens will be swapped for Nuson Chain coins. All users who hold NSC ERC20 tokens can deposit them to NSC.com, and upon withdrawal, the new Nuson Chain native coins will be sent to their new wallets.

How can I register on Nuson Chain/DEX and start trading?

There is no need to register. All you need is a Nuson Chain address, which can be generated with any wallet that supports Nuson Chain. Then you can trade NSC or other assets stored on that address.

How can I send orders on NSC DEX?

Order

On NSC DEX, you can send "new order" messages to buy or sell certain assets. You can also send "cancel" messages to cancel existing open orders.

You can use a wallet to send new orders and cancels. NSC DEX also provides API for automated trading.

In NSC DEX v1.0, the order message contains:

  • Symbol: trading pair on the chain
  • Side: buy or sell
  • Price: only limit price orders are supported in Nuson Chain v1.0
  • Amount
  • Time In Force: NSC DEX supports Immediate Or Cancel (IOC) and Good Till Expiry (GTE) orders. GTE orders can quote on the exchange until they are filled by the opposite orders satisfying the limit price, or canceled by client themselves, or expire after 72 hours after 00:00 (UTC). Check the "What is Order Expire" section of the FAQ for more information.

Network nodes examine orders to ensure they are valid. Once the orders are accepted, they are booked on the next block, and get matched accordingly.

What is Immediate Or Cancel order?

Immediate Or Cancel is a special order type. Once the order is accepted into a block, Immediate Or Cancel orders only exist in this block round. The order may get filled to zero, or partially or fully filled by other orders, and then will become expired and removed from the order book right away. As a result, it will not be tradable in the next round of matching. A small fee will be charged for the network usage, if there is no fill at all for the order (deemed as no intention to trade).

Match

NSC DEX does all of its matching on the blockchain, i.e. all nodes perform the matches and expect the same result. This is to ensure the maximum transparency and to mitigate the chance for front-running, even from the block producers. The matching infrastructure is expected to evolve and grow in capacity as time progresses.

NSC DEX doesn't do continuous matching as most centralized exchanges do. Instead, it matches using periodic auction matching for all the existing open orders received in the past and the latest blocks. The match logic is explained in more detail later.

Trade

Once the orders are filled, the corresponding assets will be automatically moved into buyers' addresses. The confirmation is instant and no need to wait for further blocks (i.e. T+0 block). Buyers can use the bought asset right away, either send it to another address or trade it again.

What is Order Expire?

Orders accepted by NSC DEX will either get filled with other orders or remain in the order book, but they will not stay on the order book forever. These orders will expire and be removed from the order book after the 1st midnight (UTC) after 72 hours once the order gets accepted. A small fee will be charged for the network usage, if there is no fill at all for the order (deemed as no intention to trade).

Where can I see my assets and trades?

You can always use wallets that support Nuson Chain to check your asset balances, open orders, and (optionally) order/trade history. Nuson Chain Explorer is another tool to check balances and transactions.

When can I see my order on the blockchain after I send it?

It depends. Normally, if you connect to one of the Accelerated Nodes, your orders should get accepted and booked into a block in 1-3 seconds. If the order price is marketable, the order will be filled and trades will come back in about similar time. If you send the order from far-way (self-setup full node), or there is heavy network traffic, the order may take longer to reach a Validator (block producer).

What is the Fee Structure?

Fees are charged and shared among the block producers (i.e. Validators) to run the network, in order to pay for the network usage and prevent abuse and attack. Since all user transactions, include transfer, new order, cancel etc, they are all recorded in blocks and chain state, the fee will be shared among different transactions. New orders are exempt from fees to encourage usage and larger trades will be charged more for their benefits from the liquidity provided in the network. Order Expire and Cancel are also charged with a fee if they fail to provide any liquidity. The current fee table is here

Besides the fees, no other gas will be charged.

Fees can be paid in any asset, but the network will charge NSC first and apply a discount if the address has NSC balance.

The fee is subject to periodical review and adjustment, after agreement from validators, via a proposal-vote procedure. See a fee-change proposal here

  • Trade fee is calculated based on trade notional value, while fees for other transactions are fixed.
  • It is free to send a new GET order, cancel a partially filled order, or expire a partially filled order.
  • Non-Trade related transactions will be charged with a fee when the transactions happen, and can only be paid in NSC. The transaction will be rejected if the address does not have enough NSC.
  • Trade-related transactions will be charged with a fee when an order is filled, or canceled/expired/IOC-expired with no fills. If there is enough NSC to pay, NSC fee structure will be used, otherwise, non-NSC fee structure will be used instead.
  • If the whole order value and free balance for the receiving asset are not enough to pay the fee, all the receiving asset and its residual balance will be charged.

What is the current Fee Table on Nuson Chain Mainnet?

Fees are variable and may change over time as governance proposals are proposed and voted on. The current fees table for Mainnet as of 2021-03-21 is as follows:

Transaction Type Pay in Non-NSC Asset Pay in NSC Exchange (DEX) Related
New Order 0 0 Y
Cancel (No Fill) Equivalent 0.00005 NSC 0.00001 NSC Y
Order Expire (No Fill) Equivalent 0.00005 NSC 0.00001 NSC Y
IOC (No Fill) Equivalent 0.00025 NSC 0.000005 NSC Y
Transfer N/A 0.000075 NSC N
crossTransferOut N/A 0.000075 NSC N
Multi-send N/A 0.00006 NSC N
Issue Asset N/A 10 NSC
Mint Asset N/A 0.002 NSC N
Transfer ownership N/A 0.002 NSC N
Burn Asset N/A 0.002 NSC N
Freeze/Unfreeze Asset N/A 0.001 NSC N
Lock/unlock/relock Asset N/A 0.002 NSC N
List Asset N/A 200 NSC N
Submit Proposal N/A 1 NSC N
Deposit N/A 0.000125 NSC N
Enable Memo Check N/A 0.2 NSC N
Disable Memo Check N/A 0.2 NSC N
HTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
depositHTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
claimHTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
refundHTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
refundHTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
TinyIssueFee N/A 0.4 NSC N
MiniIssueFee N/A 0.6 NSC N
SetTokenUri N/A 0.000075 NSC N
List BEP8 Token N/A 1 NSC N
Create A New Smart Chain Validator N/A 2 NSC N
Edit Smart Chain Validator Information N/A 0.2 NSC N
Delegate Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.0002 NSC N
Redelegate Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.0006 NSC N
Undelegate Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.0004 NSC N
Unjail A Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.5 NSC N
Submit Byzaitine Behavior Evidence of A Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.5 NSC N
Submit Smart Chain Proposal N/A 1 NSC N
Smart Chain Proposal Deposit N/A 0.00025 NSC N
Smart Chain Proposal Vote N/A 0 NSC N
Cross transfer out relayer reward N/A 0.0004 NSC N

What is the current Fee Table on Nuson Chain Testnet?

Fees are variable and may change over time as governance proposals are proposed and voted on. The current fees table for Testnet as of 2021-03-17 is as follows:

Transaction Type Pay in Non-NSC Asset Pay in NSC Exchange (DEX) Related
New Order 0 0 Y
Cancel (No Fill) Equivalent 0.00005 NSC 0.00001 NSC Y
Order Expire (No Fill) Equivalent 0.00005 NSC 0.00001 NSC Y
IOC (No Fill) Equivalent 0.00025 NSC 0.000005 NSC Y
Transfer N/A 0.000075 NSC N
crossTransferOut N/A 0.000075 NSC N
Multi-send N/A 0.00006 NSC N
Issue Asset N/A 10 NSC
Mint Asset N/A 0.002 NSC N
Transfer ownership N/A 0.002 NSC N
Burn Asset N/A 0.002 NSC N
Freeze/Unfreeze Asset N/A 0.001 NSC N
Lock/unlock/relock Asset N/A 0.002 NSC N
List Asset N/A 200 NSC N
Submit Proposal N/A 1 NSC N
Deposit N/A 0.000125 NSC N
Enable Memo Check N/A 0.2 NSC N
Disable Memo Check N/A 0.2 NSC N
HTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
depositHTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
claimHTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
refundHTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
refundHTLT N/A 0.000075 NSC N
TinyIssueFee N/A 0.4 NSC N
MiniIssueFee N/A 0.6 NSC N
SetTokenUri N/A 0.000075 NSC N
List BEP8 Token N/A 1 NSC N
Create A New Smart Chain Validator N/A 2 NSC N
Edit Smart Chain Validator Information N/A 0.2 NSC N
Delegate Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.0002 NSC N
Redelegate Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.0006 NSC N
Undelegate Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.0004 NSC N
Unjail A Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.5 NSC N
Submit Byzaitine Behavior Evidence of A Smart Chain Validator N/A 0.5 NSC N
Submit Smart Chain Proposal N/A 1 NSC N
Smart Chain Proposal Deposit N/A 0.00025 NSC N
Smart Chain Proposal Vote N/A 0 NSC N
Cross transfer out relayer reward N/A 0.0004 NSC N

Can I see orders/balances of others or can other people see my orders/balances?

Yes, anyone can see anyone's orders and balances if they know the corresponding addresses. Nuson Chain is 100% transparent for transactions and balances.

Information provided through API and their usage

Is there any limit to using the API to send orders or check market data?

Yes, there are rate limits to ensure there is no waste or abuse of the network infrastructure.
Please check the API documentation.

What does Wallet and API cost to use?

No fee or commission at all (free to use).

What Market Data can I get?

The market data provided via Wallet and API are similar to NSC.com, including ticker data, order book, trade and Kline. They can be seen in the Wallet and read from REST or WebSocket API.
Please check the API documentation for details.

What are the tick size and lot size? Are they fixed?

Tick size is the minimum unit to increase or decrease for the price (in quote asset) of an order, while lot size is the minimum unit to increase or decrease for the quantity (in base asset) of an order.
They are not the same as on NSC.com. They can be queried from API or checked from Wallet UI.

Tick Size and lot size are not fixed. Nuson Chain will automatically/periodically review the values to make sure proper order size and notional is applied.

Are there limits on notional value of an order?

The smallest order you can send for a trading pair is 1 lot size quantity at 1 tick size price. No other limits.

What is the decimal precision for prices and quantities on Nuson Chain/DEX?

Amounts are represented as integers, and all coins have a fixed scale of 8.
This means that if a balance of 100000000 were to be exposed to a wallet integrator, this will represent a balance of 1 coin.

I forgot the private key for my address, how can I get it back?

Sorry, you cannot. Owner of the address takes full responsibility for the private key protection. Nuson Chain and official wallets do not have your private key.

My private key got stolen by hackers, how can I recover my assets?

Sorry, you take full responsibility of your private key ownership and protection. Nuson Chain and official wallets will not record, or transfer out your private key.

What is the Accelerated Node?

While users can submit transactions and most of the queries via normal, self-run full nodes.
Accelerated Node provides more secure and faster lines to access Nuson Chain.

Accelerated Node is special infrastructure built around Validator to facilitate accelerated transaction routing and provide richer, faster user interfaces. There are always several Accelerated Nodes running at the same time around the world (owned by different organizations) and you are encouraged to choose one of them to use, or allow your Wallet choose one randomly.
For rapid API access, you'd better stay with one Accelerated Node to get better performance.

How can I issue an asset?

Anyone can pay a fee and issue an asset as Token on Nuson Chain, as long as they provide proper information for the fields below, and then execute the command through the command line or http interfaces.

  • Name: a description string of less than 21 characters
  • Symbol: an identifier string less than 9 characters, which must be composed of [0-9A-Z]
  • Total Supply: a positive number less than or equal to 90 billions
  • Mint-able: whether the token can increase Total Supply in later time or not

What is the consensus algorithm used on Nuson Chain?

Nuson Chain uses BFT and PoS (upcoming) based consensus mechanism to produce blocks among a series of qualified Validators. This is similar to the architectures of several existing popular blockchain platforms such as EOS and NEO. The process for setting up validators among different entities on Nuson Chain is currently being defined. More details will be shared at a later date.

Can I run a full node for Nuson Chain?

Yes, you can. A full node contains all the information and application logic for Nuson Chain. It can receive and broadcast blocks and transactions with other full nodes and even validators. The only exception is it will not participate in the consensus if the full node is not a Validator.

Does Nuson Chain support Smart Contracts?

No. This was an intentional design decision to improve the performance of the system and eliminate having to support unnecessary features.

If you have certain must-have feature-s, it might be added as a native implementation instead of using smart contract.
Feel free to talk to NSC community.

How can I transfer tokens, such as Bitcoin, from other block chains onto Nuson Chain?

Right now, there are 2 ways to transfer tokens cross-chain:

  1. via interoperability among different chains. After the latest “Archimedes” upgrade, BEP3 was introduced and it defines native transactions to support Hash Timelock Contract (HNSC) on Nuson Chain and it also to defines the infrastructure standard and procedure to use HNSC for inter-chain atomic swap to easily swap tokens on different chains. Nuson Chain development community has finished implementing its solution for BEP3 with BEP2 and ERC20 tokens and decided to open-source all of the key components, including:
  2. smart-contract solution that supports Atomic Peg Swap (APS) for Ethereum. Please note that this solution is already audited by 3rd party.
  3. deputy process written in GoLang that handles swap activities

Any developer is welcome to test the solutions in testnet and then use them in mainnet.

  1. via NSC.com. NSC,the largest cryptocurrency exchange, has issued a number of crypto-pegged tokens on Nuson Chain (BEP2 token format): BEP2 Bitcoin, BEP2 BCH,BEP2 XRP, BEP2 LTC. Pegged tokens such as BEP2 Bitcoin, are 100% backed by the native coin in reserve. The reserve addresses are published for anyone to audit. Read this blog to learn about the reserved address. Users are free to convert between native and BEP2 Bitcoin via deposit/withdrawal. This has a higher degree of ease-of-use for most traders. More swap channels will be provided on partner wallets soon.

Atomic swap and this centralized approach are not exclusive to other decentralized approaches, which can also be implemented in parallel. There are many cross-chain solutions being developed and we are very interested in them.

Please do NOT try to transfer anything on existing network to Nuson Chain testnet, you may experience loss by doing so, because testnet doesn't run with real coins.

How is a trading pair created on NSC DEX?

The design philosophy of NSC DEX adheres to the idea that the most efficient and low cost way to perform trading and price-discovery is still to use single order book. This single order book is managed and replicated across all full nodes with the same, deterministic matching logic.

Simply allowing trading between two assets seems easy enough, however it is expensive for not only the network but also its users in long term (and liquidity costs can be much larger). In order to efficiently use the network, Nuson Chain only list assets against NSC and other widely accepted market quote assets.

After an asset is issued, which costs a small fee, anyone can "propose" to all validators to list it against particular quote assets. Validators then vote to accept the proposal. A deposit is taken to prevent network abuse. Once the proposal is accepted, the owner of the base asset can list the trading pair.

For more information about this process please check the listing guide.

How would a third-party integrate with Nuson Chain and NSC DEX?

A wallet provider may choose to only support the feature set of Nuson Chain, which would just cover wallets, addresses, balances and transfers.
To improve their implementation further, they could choose to integrate NSC DEX which would add trading (order placement and cancellation), historical order and trade views, charts, etc.